In men’s category, Canada and Argentina dominate this sport and have battled for the gold medal at every Pan American Game since 1975.
It is important to note that, before Lima 2019, Argentina had nine gold medals, while Canada had four. In the women’s category, Argentina has played every final, winning six gold medals. Since 1995, the US has been its opponent in each final, but has only been able to defeat Argentina twice.
The field of play measures are almost the same as the American football’s field (91 x 55 m). Each team has 11 players, who use short hooked sticks to hit the ball in order to score goals into the opponent team’s goal.
Players were not allowed to use their feet, while goalkeepers could use any part of their body. Each match comprised four 15-minute quarters. If the match ended in a tie, the teams competed in a shootout, according to FIH regulations.
Eight teams per category (women/men) participated in Lima 2019. They were divided into two groups and competed in a round-robin format. Teams then competed in the quarterfinals based on the ranking of each country in its group. This sport was held at Villa María del Triunfo Sports Center.
Green card: A warning card issued by the umpire, resulting in a two-minute suspension.
Obstruction: Using the body or stick to block or hinder an opposing player from hitting the ball.
Penalty stroke: A one-on-one shot awarded when a foul prevents a possible goal.
Red card: A card issued by the umpire, resulting in a game suspension.
Yellow card: A card issued by the umpire indicating a player’s suspension.
Field hockey, as we know it today, was born in England in the 19th century. It is currently played in more than 100 countries. Men’s competition was included for the first time in the Winnipeg 1967 Pan American Games sport program, while the women competition made its debut in Indianapolis 1987. Since 1999, both competitions are qualifiers for the Olympic Games next year. Winners qualify directly.