Lima 2019 Environmental Legacy

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The first green Games in the history of the

Pan American and Parapan American Games


Thanks to a strategic alliance with the Ministry of the Environment and the National Service of Natural Areas Protected by the State (Sernanp), the Lima 2019 Pan American and Parapan American Games have become the first Green Games in history because the Carbon Footprint generated during their organization and operation will be neutralized.

What is the Carbon Footprint?

The Carbon Footprint is a tool used to calculate the amount of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) emitted during individual or group activities that cannot be avoided. These gases go into the atmosphere and may cause climate change. It is one of the footprints left by our passage on the planet and is expressed in terms of tons of CO2 equivalent.

Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4) and Nitrous Oxide (N2O) are among the main GHGs. These.

How will the Carbon Footprint be neutralized?

It is quite simple: after calculating the carbon emissions generated, direct emissions will be neutralized with carbon credits from REDD+ projects: Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation. These are responsible for preserving the Amazonian forests and the enhancement of natural heritage within Protected Natural Areas, where we can find unique samples of the planet’s biodiversity and local populations that have preserved these ecosystems since ancient times.

Cada crédito de Carbono

Each carbon credit is equivalent to 1 ton of CO2eq not emitted into the atmosphere, the product of conserving forests and other actions aimed at reducing deforestation in Amazonian areas that are an essential part of this planet’s life. 

In this case, four protected natural areas will be conserved: the “Tambopata” National Reserve (Madre de Dios), the “Bahuaja Sonene” National Parks (Madre de Dios and Puno), the “Cordillera Azul” (San Martín, Loreto, Huánuco and Ucayali) and the “Alto Mayo” Protected Forest (San Martín, Loreto, Amazonas), preserved areas through joint work with the Association for Research and Integral Development (AIDER); Center for Conservation, Research and Management of Natural Areas (CIMA-Cordillera Azul); and Conservation International Peru (CI).

The conservation activities financed by the purchase of carbon credits help strengthen the surveillance and control systems in the Protected Natural Areas (park rangers, patrols, monitoring), the maintenance of infrastructure, the development of production activities such as agroforestry with cacao and coffee, communal vegetable gardens, tourism enterprises, and the use of fruits such as “chestnuts”, among others.

Lima 2019 will neutralize up to 80,000 carbon credits in Protected Natural Areas.

What is a Protected Natural Area?

They are continental or marine areas of the Peruvian territory recognized, established and legally protected by the State as such, due to their importance for the conservation of biological diversity and other associated values of cultural, landscape and scientific interest, as well as for their contribution to the country’s sustainable development.

Sernanp, supported by different organizations, executes REDD+ projects that give financial sustainability to protected natural areas to favor conservation, economic development and social inclusion; this is done through alliances with civil society, private enterprise and local populations.

  • Electric power

    Electricity consumption from thermal plants.
  • Fossil fuels

    Direct consumption of fossil fuels in transport (travel, journeys through the city, etc.).
  • Industrial processes.

    Industrial processes.

What are the activities that generate the highest Carbon Footprint in the Games?

Some sources of GHG emissions could be as follows: 

  • Electric power

    Electricity consumption from thermal plants.
  • Fossil fuels

    Direct consumption of fossil fuels in transport (travel, journeys through the city, etc.).
  • Industrial processes

    Industrial processes.
  • Solid waste

    Solid waste disposal and treatment.
  • Paper consumption

    Paper consumption.
  • Use of air conditioning

    Use of air conditioning.
What actions can we take to reduce the Carbon Footprint?

What actions can we take to reduce the Carbon Footprint?

Some of the actions we can take to reduce GHG emissions produced by an activity are listed below:

  • Reduce electricity consumption by using more energy-efficient equipment and implementing energy-saving measures/practices (e.g., reduction of lighting equipment operating hours).
  • Use renewable energy resources (e.g., implementation of photovoltaic panels).
  • Reduce fuel consumption in transport through greater use of mass transport systems or vehicles with less polluting fuels, as well as bicycles.
  • Reduce the consumption of raw materials, such as paper and plastic bottles.
  • Reduce refrigerant gas leaks by properly using air conditioning.

What is the Lima 2019 environmental legacy?

The Ministry of the Environment, with the support of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation and the British Cooperation, will hand over the Guide for the calculation of Carbon Footprint of the Pan American Games, or similar sporting events, to Lima 2019. This will become the environmental legacy of Peru as the host country.

This guide will present recommendations to the Pan American Games so that its organization and execution generate less GHGs to mitigate the effects of climate change and start a chain of environmental responsibility for the next Pan American Games.  



Reserva Nacional Pacaya Samiria

Reserva Nacional Tambopata