Artistic swimming is a perfect combination of beauty, dance and precision. Athletes who practice this discipline require a high capacity for endurance, as they must spend the first few minutes underwater.
At first it was exclusively a female discipline, but with the passing of the years it became a mixed one; however, these Pan American Games held exclusively female duet and team competitions, both in technical and free routines. Along with rhythmic gymnastics, it is one of the only two Pan American sports where only females were allowed to participate.
The sum of scores from both routines was calculated in order to determine the winners. These athletes compete to the beat of music and are evaluated on their execution, artistic impression, and difficulty.
Up until LIma 2019, the US held the most medals, with 27 gold medals, followed by Canada with 9. During Lima 2019, this sport was held at the Villa Deportiva Nacional.
Deckwork: Moves performed on the pool deck after the music has begun and before the athletes enter
Eggbeater: A leg kick technique that allows athletes to lift themselves vertically out of the water and
perform arm movements above the water’s surface.
Scull: Underwater hand movements that gives balance and support to move the body in the water.
In this sport, all athlete’s strength and stamina is used to produce beauty and coordination. This competition was included in the Games sports program since its second edition, the Mexico City 1955 Pan American Games. it has been present at every Pan American Games with the exception of the Chicago 1959 and Winnipeg 1967.