Lima will be host city of the sixth edition of the Parapan American Games. Over 1,890 athletes will be competing in 17 sports and 18 disciplines from August 23rd to September 01st, 2019. In 1999, Mexico City held the first edition of the Parapan American Games with 1,000 athletes from 18 countries competing in 4 Para disciplines: Para athletics, Para swimming, Para table tennis, and Para wheelchair basketball.
In 2003, Mar de Plata hosted the second edition of these Games. In that opportunity, 1,500 Para athletes coming from 28 countries competed in 9 disciplines since sitting volleyball, boccia, equestrian, fencing, wheelchair tennis and cycling were added. The Parapan Am Games continued growing as reflected in Rio de Janeiro 2007, where 1,150 athletes from 25 countries took part in ten sports competitions. These Games were the first to share the same Organizing Committee of the Pan American Games. Furthermore, the fourth edition took place in Guadalajara between November 12th and 20th, 2011, with 1,300 athletes from 26 countries participating in 13 Para sports. Toronto 2015 hosted the V Parapan Am Games. This event incorporated new sports, adding up a total of 15: Para athletics, wheelchair basketball, boccia, Para cycling (road and track), football 5-a-side, football 7-a-side, goalball, judo, Para powerlifting, Para swimming, wheelchair rugby, Para table tennis, wheelchair tennis, archery, and sitting volleyball.
Due to the agreement between the Americas Paralympic Committee (APC) and the International Paralympic Committee (IPC), this event will serve as qualifier for the Tokyo 2020 Paralympic Games. Since 2007, both continental events are organized by the same host country within a week of each other.