Parapan American Games

Sitting volleyball

Sitting volleyball

Sitting volleyball

Sitting volleyball is the adaptation of the standing version of volleyball for athletes with physical impairments. The rally begins with a serve from the back of the court, over the net and into the receiving team’s court. The receiving team must not allow the ball to touch the ground, and they cannot pass it more than three times before returning it over the net to the other side. There are two physical impairment sport classes in sitting volleyball: “minimally disabled” (MD) and “disabled” (D). Impairments in MD are generally less severe than those in sport class D. To ensure fair competition, a team may only have one minimally disabled player on the court at a time. 

Some details

Brazil obtained 1st place both at the Guadalajara 2011 and Toronto 2015 Parapan Am Games, where it took home this sport’s gold medal.

History

In 1895, the American William Morgan developed this sport for the first time. But it was not until 1953 that sitting volleyball started to take shape with the creation of Para sports clubs in the Netherlands. At first, it was a low-key sport, but in 1956 the Dutch Sports Committee introduced a new sport called sitting volleyball that combined sitzball and volleyball. Sitting volleyball made its debut at the 1976 Paralympic Games in Toronto.

Terminology

Block: When a player blocks an opposing player at the net with arms in the air.
Dig: When a player places both arms together to hit the ball. Often used as a result of a spike from the opposing team.
Spike: To smash the ball into the opponent’s court using an overhead motion. 

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