Lima 2019 is getting ready to welcome the best Para judokas from all over the Americas during the sixth edition of the Parapan American Games.
Judo developed from the martial art of jujitsu and was established as a sport during the 19th century by sensei Jigoro Kano. It is a martial art, where athletes need to maintain a constant balance between attacking and defending oneself.
In Paralympic judo, only athletes with visual impairment are eligible to compete, and hand-to-hand matches are intense, nerve-racking and explosive.
At the Toronto 2015 Parapan American Games, Brazil came as the big winner, taking home a total of 7 medals: two gold medals, two silvers, and three bronzes. Judo combats last five minutes for men and four for women. The aim is to either gain more points than the rival through skillful attacks or score the “ippon” by throwing the opponent with their back on the ground, immobilizing them or forcing a submission.
Judo made its Paralympic debut at Seoul 1988 with only men’s event, while women’s events were added at Athens 2004. Nowadays, there are seven different male weight divisions ( -60 kg, - 66kg, -73kg, -81kg, -90kg, -100kg and +100kg) and six female weight divisions ( -48kg, -52kg, 57kg, -63kg, -70kg and +70kg).
Ippon: The maximum score awarded to a judoka, which results in an immediate end to the combat.
Judoka: A judo competitor.
Sensei: Martial arts instructor.