Lima 2019 is getting ready to welcome the best Para cyclists from all over the Americas during the sixth edition of the Parapan American Games.
Para cycling has two modalities: road cycling, where athletes ride four types of bicycles (typical, tandem, tricycles or handcycles) in order to complete distances from 7 km to 10 km; and track cycling, where cyclists with visual or physical impairment compete on a 250 m steeply banked wooden oval track using bicycles with no brakes and one gear, in individual pursuit and time trial events with distances from 200 m to 4 km. At the beginning, VI athletes competed in tandem bicycles; however, currently this sport also allows the participation of athletes affected by physical impairments, cerebral palsy and amputations.
The Peruvian Hilario Israel, renowned Lima 2019 Parapan Am Games Ambassador, has achieved international recognition after his outstanding performances in several competitions. Two-time Paralympic world champion in 2015, he gave an exceptional performance at the Rio 2016 Paralympic Games, obtaining an honorable 6th place in the time trial and showcasing his high competition level. Now he hopes to repeat his success at the Lima 2019 Parapan Am Games and thus leave behind the 4th place he got at Toronto 2015.
Para cycling started with cyclists with visual impairment competing in tandem bicycles. Currently, this sport allows the participation of athletes affected by physical impairments, cerebral palsy and amputations.
Handcycle: The pedals on a handcycle are operated by hand. Handcycles have two wheels at the back and one at the front.
Pilot: The sighted athlete at the front of the tandem bike.
Tandem: A bicycle built for two people and used by athletes with a visual impairment, who sit at the back.
Tricycle: Used by athletes whose balance does not allow them to compete on a two-wheel bike.
Draft: To follow closely behind another rider to take advantage of their slipstream and expend less energy.
Echelon: A line of riders taking turns at the lead and staggered in order for each rider to get maximum wind protection.
Peloton: The main group of riders.