Lima 2019 is getting ready to welcome the best wheelchair basketball Para athletes from all over the Americas during the sixth edition of the Parapan American Games.
Wheelchair basketball is very similar to running basketball: the players pass or dribble the ball to move it around the court; however, they must throw or bounce the ball after pushing their wheelchair twice. Otherwise, they will be penalized for traveling. The objective is to shoot the ball into the opposing team’s basket. Depending on the place where the ball was thrown, one, two or three points will be scored. At the end of the game, the team with the higher score is declared winner.
Wheelchair basketball is one of the original and the most popular sports of the Paralympic program, which started in Rome in 1960. It was created with the purpose of rehabilitating American soldiers who had been injured during World War II, but its popularity quickly spread around the world. Currently, over 80 countries practice this sport.
The Peruvian team competed for the first time at the 2015 South American Championships held in Cali (Colombia) and after defeating the host delegation, they qualified to the Toronto 2015 Parapan American Games.
All players must have a permanent physical impairment in the lower limbs to a degree where they cannot run, pivot or jump.
The total points assigned to a team of 5 players on court must not exceed 14. This ensures each player has an important role in the team structure, regardless of their physical impairment category. The player classification system guarantees all athletes with different kinds of impairment participate under the same conditions.
Something that marvels everyone is that the size of the court and the height of the net are the same as the ones used in running basketball. Hence the height of the net represents an additional challenge to Para athletes.
Caster: The small wheels at the front of the wheelchair.
Dribble: The bounce technique used to move the ball down the court.
Lifting: When a player lifts the chair off the ground or lifts their buttocks off the chairs when shooting, passing, rebounding or attempting to block a shot. It is considered a foul.