Lima 2019 is getting ready to welcome the best sailors from Latin America and the Americas during the XVIII edition of the Pan American Games.
Sailing is a nautical sport that consists of controlling the movements of a boat propelled only by the wind in its sails. It can be both a recreational or competition sport. Sailing competitions are called races and boats are sailboats. The Pan Am Games feature 10 sailing events: women compete against each other in three, men compete against each other in two, and five see men and women in direct competition. Each event consists of a series of races around a course with points awarded in each race according to finish position. The final race is called the medal race and counts for double points.
Peru is proud to be the cradle of renowned sailors such as Alexander Zimmerman, Sunfish World Champion on several occasions. In addition, Zimmerman claimed the silver medal at the Rio 2007 Pan Am Games, showcasing the expertise and great skills that made him stand out in this nautical sport.
Recreational or sports sailing was born in the Netherlands in the 17th century. The evolution in its materials led to significant changes in the construction of the yachts during the 20th century, and the use of carbon fiber and aluminum provided great speed to the boats. At the beginning of the 18th century, the first societies or clubs were created, increasing the practice of sailing in England. During the 19th century, this activity intensified, extending to other countries. In 1815, the Yacht Club, which would later become the center of world sailing, was founded on the Isle of Wight.
Catamaran: A boat or dinghy with twin hulls.
Centerboard: A moveable fin-shaped protrusion under the hull that prevents a boat from sliding sideways and is used to right a capsized dinghy.
Dinghy: A small sailing boat or rowing boat that has a centerboard.
Keel: A fixed, fin-shaped protrusion on the bottom of the hull made of lead that prevents a boat from sliding sideways and from tipping over.
Hike out: To lean out from the craft to balance the force of the wind.
Skiff: A lightweight high-performance dinghy.
Windsurfer: A lightweight surfboard-like craft with a mast, boom and sail on which the rider stands: also known as a sailboard.