Pan American Games

Triathlon

Triathlon

Triathlon

Triathlon is an Olympic sport that brings together three disciplines: swimming, cycling and running. They are carried out in that order and there are no interruptions between events. The time it takes for the athlete to change from one discipline to another is called transition. The transition from swimming to cycling is known as T1 and the transition from cycling to running, T2.

Some details

Triathlons are a combination of three sports: swimming , cycling and running. The order for the events must be as mentioned above. In orer to be successful, you must learn how to boost your physical abilities for each event.


The swimming event takes place in open waters; the course must have buoys demarcating the way. In the Olympic Triathlon, competitors swim 1500 m, ride 50 km on a paved surface and run 10 km. It is easier to prepare for running because it is more affordable than cycling and more accessible than swimming, as well as safer.


The timer does not stop at any time once the competition starts, not even between events. If an athlete decides to rest or takes too much time when changing equipment, the timer will continue running. No external assistance is used to complete the triathlon.


Weather is an important element which makes the competition even harder. It can be extreme, as it can be very hot or very cold. Since it is an outdoor competition, all meteorological conditions affect the athletes and the development of the activity.

History

Triathlon was born in California at the end of the 70s and has 3 sports as base: swimming, cycling and athletics. Since then, it has added up more followers every day. The celebration of this sport arose as a result of a bet between Marines on which was the hardest event of those held in Hawaii. Its popularity was so big that it was incorporated to the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games for the first time, where fifty men and fifty women fought for the first Olympic triathlon medals.

Terminology

Aerobars: An extension of the bike’s handlebars that puts the athlete in a more aerodynamic position.
Transition: The changeover from swim to bike and bike to run.
Transition time: The time it takes the athlete to switch from one element to the next. Speed is of the essence as a slow transition time can make or break a race.
 

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