Lima 2019 is getting ready to welcome the best archers from Latin America and the Americas during the XVIII edition of the Pan American Games.
Archery is a unique sport for the value it places on stillness. The objective is simple: shoot the most arrows into the center of the target located 70 m away. Although archery has historically been practiced for hunting or warfare, in modern times this activity has become a competition sport.
In the individual competition event, arrows are shot six at a time, in what is called an “end.” Athletes participate in a qualification round, where they will be ranked from 1 to 32. Afterwards, archers participate in head-to-head matches, referred to as the “elimination round”. In the finals, medal rounds are shot one versus one, in alternating fashion. Arrows that land in the bull’s-eye are worth 10 points. An arrow in the outermost circle is worth one point. Arrows landing between the bull’s-eye and the center are worth two to nine points depending on which ring it lands in.
The bow and arrow can be traced back to the Paleolithic era when bows and arrows were used for hunting and warfare. It is thought that the modern sport of archery likely originated in England in the 14th century.
Armguard: Placed on the athlete’s arm to protect it from being slapped by the bow string on release.
Arrow nock: The notch at the end of the arrow that fits around the bow string to hold the arrow in place.
Draw: The act of pulling the bow string back in preparation for shooting.
End: A round of play.