Lima 2019 is getting ready to welcome the best rowers from Latin America and the Americas during the XVIII edition of the Pan American Games.
Rowing is a sport that consists of propelling a boat on water, with or without a coxswain, by the muscular force of one or several rowers using one or two paddles and seated with their backs to the direction of movement. In a rowing boat, the seats where the rowers row from are fixed to the boat and only the area where the rower is seated is movable. This results in a classification based on whether the seat is moveable (sliding bench) or not (sliding bench). The sliding bench rowing has a seat with wheels, which allows the rower to use his legs to propel the boat. In fixed bench rowing, the rower is seated on a fixed seat, and the propulsion is performed only with the torso and arms. The Peruvian athlete Renzo León gave an outstanding performance at Rio 2016 that earned him a place among the 20 best rowers in the world in his discipline, making history in our country.
Rowers use all their muscle groups, particularly their legs, trunk and arms, to propel their boat down a straight 2,000 metre course. They face backwards, sitting on a sliding bench to take longer strokes. There are one-, two- and four-person sculling boats, and two-, four- and eight-person sweeping boats, with the eights steered by a coxswain.
Rowing’s history dates back to ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome as a means of transport. As a competition sport, it began in England in the 17th century. The interest in this sport increased thanks to the boat race rivalry between the Oxford University and Cambridge University on the Thames River.
Coxswain (or cox): Sits facing the crew, steers and makes technical and tactical calls.
Sculling: Rowing with two oars, one in each hand.
Sweeping: Rowing with one oar.