Lima 2019 is getting ready to welcome the best basque pelota players from Latin America and the Americas during the XVIII edition of the Pan American Games.
Coming from the small region of Basque Country (Spain), basque pelota has become a universal sport nowadays. In this sport, at least two players or two teams hit a ball against a wall called “frontis” until they score. The court of play is called fronton.
It was introduced at the Mar de Plata Pan Am Games in 1995 and was part of the sports program of that edition, as well as in 2003 and 2011.
The roots of this game can be traced back to the 13th century in some cities of France, where the practice of a fairly similar game gave rise to the beginning and development of this sport a few centuries later (more precisely in the 16th century in the Basque Country). In the 20th century, basque pelota was listed among the three most popular sports in Spain. It became an icon in some regions (especially in northern Spain) and in places such as Castile and León as well as Aragon, where even today it is still considered a native sport.
Belt: Red or blue badge that differentiates players from one team.
Medal band: Metal strip that indicates the fault line on the frontis wall.
Fraile: Chamfer forming the right wall and frontis in the ratchet. Of 0.47 m.
Fronton: Enclosure where this sport is played.
Gancho: Movement in which a pelota player hits the ball in the air, from up to down at arm’s length over the head.
Gozar la pelota: Term used to describe what the pelota player feels when he or she hits perfectly the ball, with ease and proficiency.