Lima 2019 is getting ready to welcome the best football players from Latin America and the Americas during the XVIII edition of the Pan American Games.
Lima 2019 features football (soccer) as a sport played by two teams of eleven players each, with referees and line judges who ensure compliance with the rules. It is considered the most popular sport in the world as it is practiced by approx. 270 million people, including women. Over the match’s two 45-minute halves, players move the ball in an attempt to get it in the opponent’s goal. Players may use only their feet, head and chest in moving the ball. However, goaltenders may use their hands to stop or move the ball but only within their designated area.
Among the teams competing for the Lima 2019 medals and podium, Argentina leads the standing with 6 gold medals. Mexico and Brazil have been champions four times each, while Uruguay has claimed 2 gold medals (champion at the Toronto 2015 Pan Am Games). The competition is intense, but the athletes’ passion for football is stronger.
The game was born on the streets of medieval England and continued to evolve until some basic rules were implemented in 1863. Although this sport has been present since the 1951 Pan Am Games in Buenos Aires, women's football was included in the sports program for the first time at the 1999 Pan Am Games in Winnipeg.
Foul: Any illegal interference with an opponent, including shoving, tripping, kicking and pushing.
Free kick: Awarded after an offence has occurred and taken from the spot where the offence occurred.
Header: When a player uses his/her head to hit the ball.
Penalty kick: A free kick awarded in front of the goal after a foul has been committed. Only the goaltender may defend the kick.
Penalty card: Used by referees to indicate when a player has committed an offence.
Yellow card: Serves as a warning to the player when a serious offence has been committed; a second offence to the same player will result in a red card and the player is expelled from the game.
Red card: A penalty card given on a second offence, resulting in expulsion. Red cards are also given for more flagrant fouls.