Pan American Games

Equestrian Sports

Equestrian Sports

Equestrian Sports

-    Elegant and graceful, dressage is considered the groundwork for all other equestrian disciplines. In this event, the rider and the horse perform a series of movements in a 60 m x 20 m arena before a panel of seven judges. Scores are awarded for individual movement and overall routine.
-    The jumping competition is an event that requires speed, skill, power and control - from both the rider and the horse. Jumping is held on a course with approximately 15 fences. Fences are designed to fall down if a horse hits them as they jump, resulting in a fault (penalty points). The rider who completes the course within the set time and with fewest faults is declared winner.
-    The demanding eventing competition takes place over three days: day 1 is dressage, day 2 is a cross-country race over a long distance on mixed terrain, and day 3 is jumping.

Some details

Lima 2019 star will be Peruvian jockey Alonso Valdez Prado. Our main international exponent has participated in several national and international tournaments and competitions, and gave outstanding performances at the 2013 Bolivarian Games, 2014 ODESUR Games, Toronto 2015 Pan Am Games and Rio 2016 Olympic Games. One of his most important achievements was his qualification to the FEI World Equestrian Games held in Tryon (North Carolina).
 

History

Over 2,000 years ago, the Greeks introduced dressage training to prepare their horses for war, thus creating the equestrian sport. But it was not until the 1900 Paris Games that equestrian sports were featured on the Olympic program, with jumping events only.

Terminology

Dressage
Canter: An easy gait where the horse’s three legs are off the ground at once.
Gait: Any of a horse’s motions, including walk, trot, canter or gallop.
Half-pass: When a horse moves forward and sideways at the same time. 
Piaffe: A highly elevated trotting movement performed on the spot.

Jumping
Jump-off: An extra round held to break a first-place tie after the final round of competition.
Refusal: When a horse stops at a jump, resulting in a fault/penalty points.
Take-off point: The optimum point for a horse to take off before jumping an obstacle.
Triple bar: A jump feature three sets of rails at varying heights, with just a few steps between them.

Eventing
Horse inspection: Before the dressage event and after the cross-country event, each horse is checked by judges and veterinarians. 
Optimum time: The target time in the cross-country event. Each second above the target time results in 0.4 faults (time penalties).
 

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