Lima 2019 is getting ready to welcome the best aquatics athletes from Latin America and the Americas. They will compete in the swimming, water polo, artistic swimming and diving disciplines, during the XVIII edition of the Pan American Games.
- Swimming: Lima 2019 includes the techniques of breaststroke, butterfly, backstroke and freestyle contested at distances of 50 m, 100 m, 200 m, 400 m and 1,500 m. Swimming is a timed competition: the first athlete or team (relay) to touch the timing pad at the end of the last lap wins. This sport requires strength, endurance and speed. Each event and distance (breaststroke, butterfly, backstroke, freestyle and medley in 50, 100, 200, 400, 800 o 1,500 m) produces some of the most memorable performances and athletes of any Games.
- Lima 2019 will include Water Polo, a competition with two teams of seven athletes, including the goalkeeper, who play with their hands (in a pool). Participants compete in four eight-minute quarters without touching the sides or bottom of the pool.
- Lima 2019 will also feature the Artistic Swimming events, where athletes compete to music as either duets or teams of eight with astonishing underwater routines. The judges provide marks for two routines (the technical and the free) based on execution, artistic impression, and level of difficulty.
- Diving is one of the most attractive sports during Lima 2019. Launching from the 3 m springboard or dropping from the 10 m platform, drivers perform a combination of flips, twists, somersaults and rotations in both pike (legs straight) and tuck (legs pulled close to the body) positions, which are awarded points based on their level of difficulty and execution. Divers compete individually or in teams.
- Open water is a swimming discipline, where athletes swim in open spaces like in the sea, lakes or rivers instead of a pool. In the first edition of the modern Olympic Games held in 1896, the swimming event took place in open water.
Flip turn: A type of turn where swimmers perform an underwater roll at the end of their lap and use their feet to push off from the wall.
Heat: The division of an event in order to cut the number of participants.
Medley: A combination event in which the swimmer or team swim legs of butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke and freestyle (often front crawl).
Qualifying time: A specified time that an athlete must achieve in order to enter a competitive event.
Touch: The finishing point of a race.
Deckwork: Mood-setting moves performed on the pool deck after the music has begun and before the athletes enter the water.
Eggbeater: A powerful leg kick technique that allows athletes to lift themselves vertically out of the water and perform arm movements above the water’s surface.
Dribble: The method used by a player to swim with the ball.
Eggbeater: A powerful leg kick technique used to vertically lift the athlete out of the water.
Frontcourt: The area in front of the goal.
Sprint: At the start of each quarter, each team lines up at their own goal line and at the sound of the referee’s whistle, the two players closest to the referee sprint to the ball.
Strong side: The side of the pool where the ball is located.
Weak side: The side of the where the ball is not located.
A float anchored to mark a race course that denotes the course the swimmers must follow.
A boat or structure used by coaches to provide racers with water and fuel.
A boat or similar watercraft that leads the lead pack of swimmers on a race course.
A technique used by racers where they lift their eyes out of the water as they swim in order to navigate the course.