Lima 2019 is getting ready to welcome the best cyclists from Latin America and the Americas during the XVIII edition of the Pan American Games.
Road cycling is a team sport, where two or more teams face each other directly in a dispute to arrive to the goal in better conditions, or on the contrary, hinder the opponent’s arrival. In order to perform the different actions that are developed in this sport, athletes require specific motor skills or technical and logical skills based on the mechanisms of perception, decision and execution, which give athletes an efficiency or ability to adapt and solve problems during the race.
Road cycling is divided into two types of event: road race and individual time trial. In the first event, the riders start together in a bunch. The courses are of varying distances and formats such as one-day races, from one point to another, on a circuit, and stage races. The individual time trial is raced over 40 to 50 km. The riders set off individually at regular intervals of one or two minutes. The competitor who completes the course in the fastest time is the winner.
The enthusiasm for road cycling competitions began at the end of the 19th century and has never stopped growing. Some big races attract (tens of) millions of spectators and are watched by TV viewers worldwide. The first officially recorded race on May 31st, 1868, at the Parc de Saint-Cloud in Paris was won by British rider James Moore. Road cycling has been part of the Olympic Games program since the beginning of the modern Games in 1896.
Breakaway: A rider or group of riders who have separated themselves ahead of the main pack.
Draft: To follow closely behind another rider to take advantage of their slipstream and expend less energy.
Echelon: The line of riders taking orderly turns at the lead and staggered, in order for each rider to get maximum wind protection.
Peloton: Main group of riders.
Pull: To take a turn at the front and break the wind for other riders in the pack.