Lima 2019 is getting ready to welcome the best cyclists from Latin America and the Americas during the XVIII edition of the Pan American Games.
Track cycling is an event of speed, endurance and teamwork. Races take place in a velodrome on a 250 m wooden oval track. Riders wear body-hugging skin suits and aerodynamic helmets to reduce drag. There will be several sprint cycling events at Lima 2019, such as: sprint, endurance, and combined events.
Sprint events include:
INDIVIDUAL SPRINT: Qualification consists of flying-start 200 m time trials. These are followed by knockout heats.
TEAM SPRINT: Each rider leads for a lap before dropping back. After the heats, the best two teams line up to contest the final. Those who registered the third- and fourth-fastest times meet up in a B final, which decides the last place available on the podium.
KEIRIN: Between three and seven riders compete in a sprint race of 600 to 700 m, after following in the slipstream of a pacing motorbike for the first 1,400 m. The motorbike gradually increases the speed from 30 to 50 km/h for men and from 25 to 45 km/h for women.
Endurance events feature team pursuit, where two teams of four riders start on opposite sides of the track and compete over 4 km (same distance for men and women). The team who manages to catch its opponents or records the fastest time is declared winner.
Moreover, combined events include OMNIUN, which is made up of six events. The competition takes place over two consecutive days.
Generally, track cyclists have far more muscle bulk than road racers.
Track racing dates back to the end of the 19th century. The first World Championships were held in 1895.
Derny: The pacing motorcycle used in Keirin races.
Draft: To follow closely behind another rider to take advantage of their slipstream and expend less energy. When drafting properly, a cyclist can pedal at approximately 70 % of the effort required in solo cycling.
Drag: The restraining force against a moving body.
Fixed gear: Pedals and crank set are attached directly to the rear wheel so if the bike is moving, the pedals are moving too. There is no coasting.