Pan American Games

Basketball

Basketball

Basketball

Basketball is a team sport, which has been played throughout the history of the Pan Am Games and it has been continuously present in this event since its first edition in 1951. Basketball consists of shooting the ball into the opponent’s net located 3 m above the floor, which gave birth to the name of the sport. It is a game played with the hands, where two teams of five players face each other, with the chance of making seven substitutions. The players are numbered from 4 to 15. The game is divided into two periods of 20 minutes of real play and a break of 10 minutes.

Some details

The Peruvian Basketball Federation is in charge of its organization and is a member of the FIBA Americas and International Basketball Federation. Our most renowned and iconic athletes were the Duarte brothers, who helped the Peruvian basketball team win a gold medal in 1938; a silver medal in 1941 and 1969 respectively; 4 bronze medals in 1943, 1966, 1968 and 1973 at the South American Basketball Championship; in addition to 2 gold medals in 1951 and 1965 and 1 silver medal at the 2013 Bolivarian Games.

History

Basketball was born in 1891 in the USA at the YMCA University, Springfield (Massachusetts). James Naismith, professor of Physical Education, created this sport so his students could practice it in the gym in winter. Naismith placed two peach baskets nailed at the ends of a track, 3'05 m above the ground. Hence the name “basketball”, a compound word that defines the objective of the game: to introduce the ball inside a basket.

Terminology

Dribble: A bounce technique used to move the ball down the court.
Free throw: An unopposed throw granted as a result of a foul levied against the other team.
Double dribble: Using two hands to dribble the ball, resulting in a violation.
Dunk: A one- or two-handed slam directly into the net.
Layup: A one-handed shot taken at close range as the player is running toward the basket.
Three-point line: An arc on the floor located at 6.75 m (22.1 ft.) from the basket, separating three-point shots from two-point shots.
 

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