Pan American Games

Athletics

Athletics

Athletics

Athletics is the oldest form of organized sport and includes track and field events*. The track events comprise: races, jumps, throws, combined events and race walk. Sprint events include an indoor 60 m race and outdoor races of 100 m, 200 m and 400 m with their respective relays, which take place outdoors. In hurdles, we have 110 m and 400 m events. The so-called middle-distance races have two events, a 800 m and a 3,000 m race. The long-distance races cover 5,000 m and 10,000 m. Marathon consists of events of 42 km and 195 m, and is considered the classic long-distance Olympic event. In addition, athletics features 4x100 relay, 4x400, high jump, long jump, triple jump, and pole vault. As for field events, they include the following disciplines: shot put, hammer throw, and javelin throw.
 

Some details

Among the athletes who will shine at Lima 2019, we have: Inés Melchor (Olympic contestant in 2008, 2012 and 2016, as well as Bolivarian, South American and Pan Am champion on several occasions), Edith Noeding (South American champion in 1974 and 1979, and Olympic contestant in 1972 and 1976), Mario Bazán (Iberoamerican champion in 2008, Bolivarian champion in 2009 and ODESUR champion in 2006), and Gladys Tejeda, gold medalist at the 2013 Bolivarian Games, holder of the championship’s record at the 2014 BWF World Championships in Copenhagen, holder of the South American record in the Cardiff World Marathon (United Kingdom), and holder of the Latin American record at the Rio 2016 Olympic Games.

History

This sport dates back to the Greek Olympic Games of 776 BC, which included pentathlon, discus and javelin throws, cross-country running, long jump, and freestyle wrestling. During the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm, race timing was introduced for the first time, a fact that would change the history of athletics forever. The American Jim Thorpe, born in 1888, was the greatest icon of these Games.

Terminology

False start: Any athlete(s) responsible for a false start will be disqualified, except in combined events, where the athlete(s) responsible for a false start will be warned. Only one false start per race will be allowed before disqualifying the athlete(s) responsible for the false start. Any athlete(s) responsible for further false starts in the race will be disqualified.
Throwing circle: Concrete pad within the cage from where the athletes throw the discus and hammer (CIRCLE DIAMETER).
Cage: Six-meter-wide area from which a competitor throws a discus or hammer.
Race walk - Loss of contact: Occurs when a race walker’s back toe leaves the ground before the heel of the front foot has touched it. 
Marathon - Hit the wall: A condition in endurance athletes caused by the depletion of glycogen stores in the liver and muscles, resulting in sudden fatigue and loss of energy.
Track and field - Anchor leg: The last leg for a runner on a relay team.
Curb: The inside corner of the running track.
 

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